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Optical Semiconductor Etching/Monitoring Process Devised

Illinois chip researchers. L-R: Graduate student Amir Arbabi, professor Gabriel Popescu, graduate student Chris Edwards, and professor Lynford Goddard (L. Brian Stauffer, University of Illinois)

Engineers at University of Illinois in Urbana created an etching and sculpting process for semiconductors using light that also monitors the etching process in real time. The team led . . . → Read More: Optical Semiconductor Etching/Monitoring Process Devised

Luminous Nanoparticles Detectable Through Tissue Developed

Transmission electron microscopy image of nanoparticles designed for deep-tissue imaging. (Zhipeng Li, University at Buffalo)

Researchers in the U.S., Sweden, China, and Korea created illuminated nanoscale particles that can be detected through a 3.2 centimeter, or 1.26 inch layer of tissue. The team led by University at Buffalo, New York chemistry professor Paras Prasad . . . → Read More: Luminous Nanoparticles Detectable Through Tissue Developed

Contract Awarded for Stem Cell Derived Burn Therapy

Stem cells derived from body fat extracted during liposuction (Cytori Therapeutics)

Cytori Therapeutics in San Diego received a contract from Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) for development of a cell therapy to treat thermal burns combined with radiation injury. The contract from BARDA, an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and . . . → Read More: Contract Awarded for Stem Cell Derived Burn Therapy

FDA Approves Colorectal Cancer Treatment

Stivarga bottle (Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals)

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the drug regorafenib to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, where the cancer has progressed after treatment and spread to other parts of the body. Regorafenib is marketed under the brand name Stivarga by Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, in Wayne, New Jersey.

Stivarga . . . → Read More: FDA Approves Colorectal Cancer Treatment

European Approval Granted for Breast Cancer Gene Test

(Cancer.gov)

NanoString Technologies Inc. in Seattle, a developer of genetic medical diagnostics, received a CE mark noting regulatory approval in Europe for its PAM50-based gene expression test for breast cancer. The CE mark, an acronym for the French Conformité Européene, indicates a product meets safety, health, and environmental protection requirements in the 27 EU . . . → Read More: European Approval Granted for Breast Cancer Gene Test

Fiber Optic Sensors Help Steady Surgical Instruments

SMART microsurgery tools: CAD model, top, and prototype device (Cheol Song, Johns Hopkins University)

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University medical school and engineering department in Baltimore developed surgical tools with an optical fiber sensor system that measures and corrects for minute hand tremors of even the most skilled surgeons. Engineering postdoctoral fellow Cheol . . . → Read More: Fiber Optic Sensors Help Steady Surgical Instruments

Visual Simulation Method Developed for Liquid Movements

Kenny Erleben (University of Copenhagen)

Computer scientists at University of Copenhagen and two other institutions in Denmark created a new and more precise method for visualizing the movement of liquids. The team led by Copenhagen computer graphics professor Kenny Erleben (pictured right), with colleagues from Technical University of Denmark and Alexandra Institute in Aarhus, . . . → Read More: Visual Simulation Method Developed for Liquid Movements

Clinical Trial to Evaluate Type 2 Diabetes Treatments

(HHS.gov)

A clinical trial coordinated by George Washington University in Washington, D.C. will test the effectiveness of glucose-lowering drugs in treating type 2 diabetes. The five year, $134 million study is funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at National Institute of Health.

John Lachin, professor of biostatistics, . . . → Read More: Clinical Trial to Evaluate Type 2 Diabetes Treatments

Yom Kippur, 5773

 

Science Business will take a break on Wednesday for Yom Kippur — Day of Atonement — observances. We’ll be back on Thursday.

Photo: A. Kotok/Flickr

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Grant to Fund Study of Cyber Crime Economics, Networks

Computer scientists at University of California in San Diego, University of California in Berkeley, and George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia received a National Science Foundation grant to better understand the economics and network dynamics of cyber crime. The five-year, $10 million study will investigate economic motivations and social interactions among cyber criminals, as well . . . → Read More: Grant to Fund Study of Cyber Crime Economics, Networks