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Infographic – Manufacturing Declines Worldwide

Chart: Global manufacturing

Click on image for full-size view (Statista)

30 Nov. 2019. The state of manufacturing is a sensitive economic and political issue, with the loss of factories and jobs disrupting communities and families in many countries. In a chart published yesterday, our friends at Statista document the decline of manufacturing as a percentage of gross domestic product in six leading industrial nations from 1980 to 2018, based on data compiled from the World Bank and United Nations.

The chart shows declines in manufacturing as a percentage of GDP taking place in China, Germany, Japan, the U.K., India. and the U.S. While China continues to have the largest percentage of GDP devoted to manufacturing of the six countries (29%), all but India show a sharp reduction in that share since 1980. In the U.K., that proportion is now less than 10 percent, and only 11 percent in the U.S.

An analysis by the International Monetary Fund cited by Statista suggests a shift from manufacturing to services is a result of nations becoming wealthier and consuming more services, while manufacturing itself becomes more efficient. Our story this week about a proposed manufacturing facility in Massachusetts for cell and gene therapies offers an example of today’s manufacturing productivity. That facility is expected to support the state’s burgeoning biotechnology sector, worth billions of dollars, and employ only about 40 people.

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