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University Starts Computer Science/Brain Research Consortium

3-D brain wiring illustration (NIH)

26 August 2014. Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh organized an international consortium of researchers to apply computer science techniques to the study of brain research and behavior. The collaboration, known as BrainHub, includes researchers from nearby University of Pittsburgh, as well as Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, China, Indian . . . → Read More: University Starts Computer Science/Brain Research Consortium

Laser Activation Tested as Potential Cancer Drug Delivery

Paras Prasad (University at Buffalo)

16 May 2014. Researchers from University at Buffalo in New York developed and tested in the lab a process harnessing lasers to activate drugs inside the body to kill cancer cells. Findings from the proof-of-concept study, led by Buffalo’s Paras Prasad with colleagues from universities in China and Korea, . . . → Read More: Laser Activation Tested as Potential Cancer Drug Delivery

Early Trial Tests Stem Cell Immunotherapy for Liver Cancer

(NLM.NIH.gov)

An early stage clinical trial by California Stem Cell Inc. in Irvine tested a therapy harnessing the body’s immune system to treat a common form of liver cancer. The trial, conducted with eight patients in Shanghai, China, showed the treatments were safe for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and did not cause complications, according . . . → Read More: Early Trial Tests Stem Cell Immunotherapy for Liver Cancer

Surgical Masks Shown to Cut Flu Transmission

Influenza ultrastructure illustration (Dan Higgins, CDC)

Public health researchers at University of Maryland, with colleagues at Harvard, Boston University, and University of Hong Kong identified the main ways flu virus spreads through populations and specifically recommend flu sufferers wear surgical masks to stop the virus. The team led by Maryland and Harvard professor Donald . . . → Read More: Surgical Masks Shown to Cut Flu Transmission

Material Developed for Warm White Light from LED Bulbs

Zhengwei Pan, center, demonstrates a prototype of the new LED bulb, with colleagues Feng Liu, left, and Xufan Li (University of Georgia) Zhengwei Pan, center, demonstrates a prototype of the new LED bulb, with colleagues Feng Liu, left, and Xufan Li (University of Georgia)

Researchers from the U.S. and China created a light-emitting diode . . . → Read More: Material Developed for Warm White Light from LED Bulbs

Method Devised to Reliably Capture Circulating Cancer Cells

Sofia Merajver (University of Michigan)

Engineering and medical researchers at University of Michigan in Ann Arbor with colleagues in China developed a simple technique to capture circulating cancer cells believed to spread cancer from the original tumor to other parts of the body. The team from the labs of Michigan breast cancer researcher Sofia . . . → Read More: Method Devised to Reliably Capture Circulating Cancer Cells

Luminous Nanoparticles Detectable Through Tissue Developed

Transmission electron microscopy image of nanoparticles designed for deep-tissue imaging. (Zhipeng Li, University at Buffalo)

Researchers in the U.S., Sweden, China, and Korea created illuminated nanoscale particles that can be detected through a 3.2 centimeter, or 1.26 inch layer of tissue. The team led by University at Buffalo, New York chemistry professor Paras Prasad . . . → Read More: Luminous Nanoparticles Detectable Through Tissue Developed

X-Ray Efficiency Boosted with Nanomaterials

Gypsy moth (NCAGR.gov)

Physicists in the U.S. and China have developed nanoscale materials using a design based on the eye of a moth to increase the efficiency of X-ray devices, which can lead to higher resolution images with lower doses of radiation. The research team led by Yasha Yi at City University of New . . . → Read More: X-Ray Efficiency Boosted with Nanomaterials

International Consortium Studies Corn Genome

(USDA.gov)

A collaboration of genetic and agricultural scientists from the U.S., Mexico, France, Kenya, and China have conducted a comprehensive analysis of the corn genome. The team, led by researchers from Cornell University and the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service, and funded by USDA and National Science Foundation, published their findings online in the journal . . . → Read More: International Consortium Studies Corn Genome

Report: Asia Closing Gap in U.S. R&D Leadership

National Science Foundation’s new report on global research and development (R&D) trends, Science and Engineering Indicators 2012, shows in the last decade, U.S. leadership in research and development has come under severe challenge from China and other countries in Asia. The report from NSF’s policy-making body, the National Science Board, shows between 1999 and 2009, . . . → Read More: Report: Asia Closing Gap in U.S. R&D Leadership